Light yellow color in appearance, apart from rejuvenating the nervous and vascular system, it helps in heal epilepsy. During pregnancy women should consume millet. Subsequently if the new born gets the fever it will not develop into epilepsy.
Foxtail millets are available in the form of rice, semolina (like rava) or as flour. As with other millets, foxtail millet is rich in smart carbohydrates, the kind which doesn’t increase the blood sugar levels immediately.
One of the oldest of all the cultivated millets.
Rich in dietary fiber, protein and low in fat.
Available in form of semolina, rice or fine textured flour.
Foxtail millets are non-acid forming foods, non glutinous and highly nutritious.
Have high amounts of phosphorus, potassium, iron, magnesium and calcium.
Can be cooked in many ways including porridge, breads, muffins, upma, salads, granola bars, or eaten as a substitute for rice.
All millets are Organic and cultivated through sustainable farming means. No chemicals or pesticides are used in these millets. These are Unpolished millet.
It is rich in dietary fiber, and minerals like iron and copper. Due to this, it helps to reduce the levels of bad cholesterol and keeps the immune system strong.
Setaria italic with many common names including Chinese Millet, Foxtail Bristle Grass, Dwarf Setaria, Foxtail Millet, Hay Millet, German Millet, Giant Setaria Hungarian Millet, Japanese Millet, Italian Millet, Red Rala, Liberty Millet and Hungarian millet is a grass species which is used as a crop. Foxtail millet is adapted to well-drained soils. Foxtail millet is an annual grass whose plants reach an average height of 60-150 cm. The seeds are convex oval or elliptical and light yellow to brown, rusty or black in color. It is known as Bertia in Hindi; Panico Degli Uccelli in Italian; Awa in Japanese; Sekui in Malaysia; Pabbio Coltivato in Switzerland; dzo in Korean; Morap in Russian and Mijo De Italia in Spanish.
Foxtail millet was first naturalized in China. The evidence shows the domestication of Foxtail millet in the Middle East and Europe which dates about 4000 years BP. The phylogenetic analyses show the green millet and foxtail millet is associated and the Foxtail millet is naturalized derivative of the green millet. Currently, Foxtail millet is sophisticated in Europe, America, Asia, Africa and Australia.
The evidence (early) shows that it was cultivated in China by Peiligang culture. Though the common millet was also cultivated, Foxtail millet becomes prevalent in the Yangshao culture. About 600 BC, it was cultivated in the Iron Age at Near East.
It is an annual grass with erect and robust culms. It grows up to the height of 60-150 cm. Leaves are 20-40 cm long and 1.5-3 centimeters wide with the lanceolate shape. Leaf sheaths are small, glabrous or pubescent and 1-3 mm. Leaf lamina is dense, erect or pendent, lobed and 6-40 × 0.5-5 cm. It has elliptic, ovate or subglobose spikelets of 2-3 mm.
100 grams of Foxtail millet contains 12 g of moisture, 351 calories, 11.2 g of protein, 4 g of total fat, 63.2 g of carbohydrate and 6.7 g of crude fiber. It grants 803 g of isoleucine, 1764 g of leucine, 103 g of tryptophan, 328 g of threonine, 233 g of lysine, 0.6 mg of thiamin, 63.2 g of carbohydrate, 2.8 mg of iron, 11.2 mg of protein, 3.2 mg of niacin, 4 g of lipid fat, 0.1 mg of riboflavin and 31 mg of calcium.
Health Benefits of Foxtail millet
Foxtail millets are rich in calories that provide energy and strength to the body to perform activities. It is widely cultivated in India, Africa, and China. It is considered as the perfect substitute for the healthy diets.
- The proper function of cardiac
Vitamin B1 assists in the formation of neurotransmitter acetylcholine which helps to transfer the message between muscle and nerves. It also safeguards the functions of cardiac. The deficiency of Vitamin B1 leads to improper functions of cardiac. The patients of congestive heart failure find Vitamin B1 helpful and prevent heart ailments.
- Alzheimer’s disease
Vitamin B1 slows the development of Alzheimer’s disease. It could be treated with an intake of 100 mg supplements of Vitamin B1. The trial studies are still carried out for the determination of the mechanism due to which it occurs.
- Enhance memory
Vitamin B1 helps to enhance the concentration and memory power. It helps to manage the nervous ailments such as Bell’s palsy and multiple sclerosis. It is also called morale vitamin which provides a positive impact on the nervous system and supports mental perspective.
Vitamin B1 acts as an antioxidant which slows down the process of age spots, wrinkles and other age-related problems that has the negative effect on the organs.
- Cures muscle weakness
Iron is essential for the maintenance of the health of muscles. It is found in the muscle tissues and transports oxygen which is essential for the muscle contraction. The deficiency of iron leads the muscle to lose the elasticity and tone and may cause anemia.
- Brain health
Iron assists in the brain development. It supplies oxygen to the brain, as it uses about 20% of blood oxygen. Iron is directly associated with the brain functions. The adequate amount of blood if received by the brain helps to promote the cognition and prevents Alzheimer’s disease and dementia. Due to this the adequate amount of iron is essential for the brain oxygenation.
- Restless leg syndrome
The deficiency of iron in the body is the cause for the restless leg syndrome. The low presence of iron in the blood is the cause for this. The high intake of supplements of iron in adequate amounts helps to cure this condition. It is associated with muscle spasms which is the symptoms of deficiency of iron.
- Nerve signals
Protein helps in the functions of nervous system smoothly. The activation of the nervous system triggers the response of relevant reactions. The receptor sites consist of the protein complex which helps to transfer the nerve signals to the cells and manage the central nervous system.
- Hair health
Protein is essential for the maintenance of hair health and prevents it from damage. Protein has a vital role in the growth of hairs. Due to the beneficial effects, the hair care products use the protein in it.
- Skin health
Proteins support and strengthen the tissues such as skin which is tears constantly. Collagen is considered as the vital protein that strengthens the tissues, cells, and organs that is essential for the revitalization. The high presence of collagen protein found in the body provides wrinkle-free, healthy and youthful skin.